Life and Legacy of Moss Kendrix
National Association of Market Developers
REPORT: The Changing Face of the Urban Markets
African-American Image Abroad: Golly, It's Good!
African-American Image in Advertising
Advertiser's Holy Trinity: Aunt Jemima, Rastus, and Uncle Ben
Distorted Reflection: African-Americans and Beauty Products
The Times They Are A-Changing 1960 - 1990
Advertising Future for African-Americans
the Public Thinks, Counts
Alexandria Black History Museum
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museum and library:
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Who Have Portrayed Aunt Jemima
Green (1834 - 1923)
first Aunt Jemima, Nancy Green, was born a slave in 1834. She
signed an exclusive contract which gave her the right to portray
the character for the rest of her life. Green was featured at
the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Green, as Aunt
Jemima, cooked pancakes, sang songs, and told stories of the Old
Robinson ( ? - 1951)
1933, Anna Robinson became the second Aunt Jemima, and was featured
at the Chicago Century of Progress Exhibition. Robinson's likeness
was captured on a painted portrait, an image that changed the
to becoming the character, Edith Wilson was a classic blues singer
and actress in Chicago. She appeared in "Amos 'n' Andy"
and the movie, To Have and Have Not. Quaker Oats had Wison
portray Aunt Jemima on radio, television, and in personal appearances
from 1948 to 1966. Wilson was the first Aunt Jemima to appear
in television commercials.*
Ernestine Harper ( ? - 1981)
Ernestine Harper was Aunt Jemima during the 1950s. Prior to assuming
the role, Harper graduated from college at the age of 17 and became
a teacher. As an acrtess, Harper performed in the Hot Mikado
and the Negro Follies.*
Hall worked for Quaker Oaats in the company's advertising department
until she discovered their need for a new Aunt Jemima. In 1988
they declared her grave an historical landmark.*
Lewis first portrayed Aunt Jemima in 1955 at a restaurant of the
same name at Disneyland. As Aunt Jemima, Lewis posed for pictures
Short Harrington (1900 - 1955)
is known about the career of Ann Harrington. Clippings from New
York papers indicate the Harrington was "discovered"
working as a cook in Syracuse, New York for the Kapa Sigma fraternity
house. Before the fraternity, Harrington had worked for the former
New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey. It is unknown how long Ann
Harrington portrayed Aunt Jemima, but she apparently appeared
on television shows as the character in the New York area.**
are from Marilyn Kern-Foxworth's book, Aunt Jemima, Uncle Ben and
Rastus: Blacks in advertising, Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.
Connecticut and London: Greenwood Press, 1994
Information courtesy, Carl Ingram, Lena Ratcliff, and Adam Harrington.